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with building central government capacity, which is one of the objectives of the united states and its partners. it may be portant for security gains in the short run, but it poses a long term issue. >> it sounds similar to the approach general petrais employed in iraq. is it similar or different? >> it's very different. the tribes came to the united states and asked for our help in dealing with al qaeda, which was in their midst. al qaeda were outsiders in iraq, and governing in certain parts of the anbar province. the locals didn't like that, and they wanted u.s. help in getting rid of al qaeda. they came to the united states and the united states responded to help them. in afghanistan, it's not so clear that the initiative is coming from the local communities. it seems much more driven by the international community to address the security situation, and that means that the dynamics are going to be very different than what they were in iraq. >> in terms of the obstacles to the approach in afghanistan, what would you say the main ones are, that did not exist in iraq? >> the main one is that i
. the key role of the united states for better or worse in haiti's recent history. >> reporter: unlike the earthquake that's focused international attention on it once again, haiti's fate has not been inevitable. once the richest colony in the americas, a slave revolt against the french occupation occurred, haiti was established as the first black republic. under threat of invasion, the country agreed to compensate france for loss of property. a debt that took 120 years to repay. and launched a cycle of debt, dependence and instability. after almost three decades of dictatorship, former catholic priest jean bertrand aristide was elected. just nine months later, he was ousted in a military coop. death squads rampaged through the country. terrorizing aristide supporters. in 1994, then president bill clinton and a fleet of u.s. marines, backed aristide's return to power, but not before he agreed to a program of economic adjustment, monitored by the international monetary fund and world bank, marked by downsizing, privatization and deregulation. tariffs on foreign rights for example, were
at a still unfolding economic disaster. the united states goes after al qaeda in yemen. we will talk about it on our roundtable tonight. and who says the news business is dead? in taiwan, they're drawing new viewers by animating it all. >>> from the different perspectives of reporters and analysts from around the world, this is "worldfocus." major support has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters -- >>> good evening. welcome to "worldfocus." i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. we begin tonight with the global economy and news of the key economic barometer, unemployment. in this country, the government said today it held steady at 10% last month as moyers cut 85,000 jobs which was more than expected. the news was disappointing in europe. in the 16 countries that used the euro as their currency, the jobless wrought was also 10%. in this case, for the month of november, up from 9.9% in octob
neighbooods. the united states sent troops, and the united nations authoriz a peaceeping mission to pacify the gangs and some say the aristeed supporters in t country'sslum. the u.n.ission has been controversial in haiti. accused of killing indiscriminately the people 's suppos to beprotecting. since 2006, the country has continued struggle for stabilit in 08, foururricanes kild at least 800 pple and caused more than a billion dollars in damage. oath last year it did international financial institutio and the united states finally cance haiti's 1$1.2 billi debt. the u.n. has appointe clinton its special envoy f haiti as international aid begins flowing into the cotry once again, the queion remains. can a former u.s. president and ign aid really deal with the afrshocks of haiti's history? avi lewis, al jazeer >> f moreon haiti's history of hardshi we're joinedy our editorial consultt, peter eisner, a long-time correspondent who spealizes in latin america d the cariean. good to see ou, peter. lookinat the entrencd oblems that iti already faced, what you see as some of the main challenges f
interference even as the united states reportedly is more deeply involved than ever in secret military missions there. >>> united states and russia move closer to a new deal to reduce nuclear arm. has president obama succeeded in the resetting relations with moscow? >>> on the 65th anniversary of the liberation of the auschwitz nazi death camp, we will show you how survivors are coping all these years later. >>> and the smash hit "avatar" makes its way to china. it's that or a new film about the life of confucius. >>> from the different perspectives of reporters and analysts from around the globe, this is "worldfocus." major support has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters -- >>> good evening. i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. we begin tonight with the issue of terrorism and the escalating battle against it in yemen. shortly after the attempted bombing of the u.s. jetliner on christmas day,
in iraq, and gerning inertain parts of the anbar province. they came to the united states and theunited states reonded help them. in afghanistan, it's not so clear that the initiative is coming from th local counities. it ems much more iven by the ternational community to address e security situation, and that mns that the dynamics are gog to be very different than what they were iniraq. >> in term of the obstaes to the approach afghanistan, whatould you sayhe main ones are, tt did not exist in iraq? >> the ma one is that in afghanistan,he talib is integrated into ny communities. the reason why can be difficult to tl taliban mbers from nontaliban members, they're integrat into the commity and theirisputes are localized there. in iraq, they were ousiders that camin, and itas ea to tell who they were. the great diffilty in afghanistan is thathey're integrated into th community and that makes it very diffict to come up wit permanent solutions to t kind of nflicts that are goingon. yalties can shift very quickly in ahanistan to favor whichever si is wing. >> okay. thank you very mucfor jo
concern for the united states. and then it seems to falter for a number of reasons. it appears that progress is made but then when it goes back to iran, the deal that was worked out falls apart. was this planned on the part of the iranian government? or was this truly just some sort of miscommunication by those who were in geneva and said, yes, we can do this, and it gets back to tehran, it doesn't work. >> yeah, i don't think i would bury that proposal. it's still ongoing. the suggestion -- >> you think this is still open? >> still open. initially, iran actually accepted the u.n./u.s. proposal, which was enrichment would be taking place in russia, in france. then they backed away from that. but -- >> just to remind people, this is so that the nuclear material, in theory, would not be then able to be used in some sort of weapon. >> right. it would be enriched abroad and then given to iran in limited amounts for medical purposes. and iran originally accepted that. then when it went to tehran, there was obviously, behind closed doors, division. they rejected that. >> are we suppo
income of the united states. what's the best gauge of the economy may well be what you'll see on the ground. in beijing, the financial crisis has been a story they've read in the papers. people worried earlier this year, there are a lot of signs that at least in this corner, things are okay. it builds confidence, especially when so many other countries are suffering from a recession. but the government says 8% is the minimum needed to keep this economy going. there's a belief that the most terrible times are over, which means the targets set for 2010 may well be even higher. melissa khan al jazeera, beijing. >>> a few other economic items tonight. the u.s. labor department indicated the number ofuv americans filing for unemployment benefits increased by an unexpected 36,000 last month to 482,000. in europe, lloyd's banking group said it will cut another 585 jobs next year, on top of the already 15,000 reported job cuts last year. general motors said today it will cut more than 8,300 more jobs across europe in its opal subsidiary. gm will close this opal factory u 2600 workers.
to the united states. meanwhile in yemen, several other countries restricted public access to their embassies today joining the united states and britain. in tonight's lead focus, we have more on the situation in yemen from our german partner. >> reporter: cement barriers block access to the u.s. embassy which has been closed indefinitely. u.s. national security adviser john brennan said the closure was a response to threats from al qaeda. >> i looked at the intelligence that's available as far as the plans for al qaeda to carry out attacks, possibly against our embassy, possibly against u.s. personnel. decided it was the prudent thing to do to shut the embassy but we're working very closely with the yemeni authority to address the threat that's out there. it just demonstrates that al qaeda is determined to carry out these attacks and we're determined to thwart those attacks. >> reporter: yemen is one of the poorest and most politically unstable coue middle east. in recent years, it has become a breeding ground for terrorists. u.s. officials believe they were behind the failed attempt to brin
before it wi catch up with the per capita income of e united states. what's the best gauge of the economy may well be what you'll see on the ground. beijing, t financial crisis has been a story they've read i th papers peopleorried earlier this year, there ar a lot of signs that at let in corner, cha, things are okay. it blds confidenc especiay when so many other countrie are suffering from arecession. but the government ss 8% is the minimum neededo keep this economy going. there's a beli that the mo rrible times are over, which meantheargets set for 2010 maywell be even higher. messa khan al jazeera, beijing. >>the number ofmericans filing for unploymentenefits increased by an unexpect 36,0 last month to 2,000. in europe, lloyd's banki group said it will cut another >> and then you pull back. >> do you ink chi isaware there could be this growing bubble and what to do. >> money can be so cheap you inflate bubbles toughout your econy. ina made the cision that they wanted to hve theisk of bubbles, the risk of inflation by keeping their economy growing. more importantly, hurting the global e
for resources for decades. we've seen especially last decade, countries like china, the united states, of course, other countries around the world coming to latin america for all sorts of resources. lithium is a big one but we see soy, iron ore, copper, a basket for the rest of the world. >> is that a concern for the united states? if we see japan and especially if we see china coming to south america, are we not there or where we should be, perhaps? >> it is an zero sum game. we trade with china as well. we're not competing for a lot of these resources. in the end, what the demand, is everything from iron ore to chicken parts to soy really helps grow these economies as well. the issue is that a lot of the chinese companies are there just to extract resources. these are the most exploitative industries that many people denounced.they were there extra resources in latin america before. >>> it is more of a concern for the south american countries themselves than it is say for the united states they engage in the most abusive labor practices, very little environmental controls. so that is part of t
.org. >>> in yemen where the plot was planned, the united states has reopened its embassy after it was closed for two days because of security concerns. u.s. officials say successful counter terrorism operations by yemen had allowed them to resume operations. however, yemen's interior ministry issued its own statement, saying that the security situation in the capital had always been under control. and yemeni security officials say the government has sent thousands of troops to take part in a campaign against al qaeda in three provinces in recent days. as we have seen, the united states has been emphasizing an increasingly cooperative relationship with yemen in the last few days. underscored by comments over the weekend by president obama and a visit to yemen by general david petraeus. the commander of u.s. forces in the region. however, the "washington post" reports today that senior yemeni officials are playing down the partnership, fearing that the government could pay a heavy political price for aligning itself with the united states and appearing too weak to control al qaeda by itself. the artic
of afghanistan and of pakistan and of course to its own job creation in the united states. >> let's take a look at things more broadly. here ware one year into president obama's term. can you tell us a littleit, what's happening in afghanistan militarily? what is going on on the ground? >> nothing. >> nothing? we're about to have a huge troop surge there though. >> i would arguehat we are stuck between two extremes. for the last eight years, we were seeing falsely in my view, that we are doing a nation building. no one can do nation building. yes, maybe state building in some ways, and now we are saying no, it will only be -- for some time they were saying there will only be a military option. president obama took a long time. we can defend that, that he took a long time to review but we cannot define inaction. this is the time to implement that policy. state building to some extent, accepting the realities involving the original powers, unless we involve the original countries. and i see some hope that there have been many political leaders and military leaders going to pakistan, hopefully in
more about europe economic difficulti and what they mean for the united states. for that we're joid by one of our regulars. he is from bloomberg busines being. thank you for cing on the program. howould youompare the state of economi recovery in europe veus the utah? > it is not gat for noun. no oneoute now on eitheruds of the pond are in a position to brag. senioriti it is a common language in europe, even with the euro zone yohave a situation marked by e haves and t haves much, much, much, much, hess. it isar more polarized than would you see in michigan. >> breakt town for us more close. how are theountries in eure that matter the most, germany, france, italy and spain, how are they oing? >> we have seen older urm, as some put it, germany, france, somether maurz inestern europe, hold their own. the economies weren't growi that rap you hly that far to beginwith. with the exception of britain, of course. on the flip de of that you have the jump stts. the resurgerients such as spain and lata that reay felt their ecomic growth. and theyaw this newaradigm thinking and they went o and
is highly unlike in the case of the united states. it is potentiay possible in the case of rael. we know th the united states, starting under the george w. bush administrion, has had a reportedly $400 million cove program to support gups in iran engaged in activiti to destabize the islamic republic i suppose you codn't completely rule out the possility that a group that is receivingupport from u.s. intelligence might have rried out th aassination of this professor intehran, but i would be very surprised t learn that they had bee explicitly directed to do so b the cia or any other part of the u.s. telligence community. that would be a violation of both american law and longstanding policy t to participate inoreign assassinatio. in the case of israel, there a track record that israeli intelligence wl arrangeor engage in, pticipate in assainations of foreign nationals that they believe constitute a threat to israeli interests. ibviously don't ow that that was the case. in t assassinatio of this iranianprofessor. but there certainly is that histor there. >> talk in a bit more detail what the u.
of us in the united states, we should just imagine something like katrina happening to the capital of the united states. god forbid. but it is this chaos. already this is the country, haiti, struggling to reach certain levels of development. that is why the united nations stabilization mission has been there. so it's a challenge already. they have suffered four hurricanes over the past few months. so to have this on top of everything, it's a shock to the system. they need all the help they can get right now. >> only a short time left. but i'm wondering, are you worried about other cities outside of the capital? >> yeah, i think leogane is a ty that we believe is 80% to 90% damaged. 40,000 population. further south to port-au-prince, jacmel. so, yes. the focus should not be on the capital city alone, we should think about other parts of the country. that is very, very important. >> thank you very much. >> my pleasure, martin. >>> of course, the destruction in haiti has been called one of the worst humanitarian crises in a generation. and it has generated extraordinary efforts to hel
is important, that is the new world we are operating in. the united states is not in decline, it's a relative decline compared to the others. there's no longer a role. or a dominant superpower, like the u.s. has been, with no questions asked. everybody asks questions, everybody now has a place at the table, we have to get used to it. >> how can you say we're not in a state of decline? don't you think it really wasn't so much the rise of the rest, we sank so low, everybody else seems higher. >> well, i think the last decade has been tough for america. but this shift is inevitable. these countries are growing middle classes, they all want to have homes, cars, and flat screen televisions too. it's naterica will decline economically, but i think politically, america is still the convening power that these countries don't have. there's no beijing consensus yet that's replacing the washington consensus. >> i think we have to look at 2009, the decade, we all want this year to be over. we agree on that. although we're dealing with major trends which go over a decade or more, it was 2009 that we were
ministry said clinton's comments were harmful to relations with the united states and it urged the u.s. to respect facts and stop using so-called freedom of the internet to make unjustified accusations against china. that brings to us tonight's question. did hillary clinton do the right thing by publicly criticizing china for censoring google and other content on the web? you can tell us what you think by going to the "how you see it" section of our website. that's at worldfocus.org. >>> another story broke yesterday is getting attention today. we're talking about president obama's calls for new restrictions on the activities of big banks, including their ability to make risky bets in the financial markets with federally insured deposits. this is being followed closely in britain where there are similar calls. here is how it was covered last night by john sparks of our british partner itn. >> reporter: it came as a shock in the world's financial capitals today. obama wants to bust up the big u.s. banks. and he won't take no for an answer. >> if these folks want a fight, it is a fight
been slow and there has at times been considerable tension between the united states and israel. still a year later, mitchell said last night there had been movement toward a resumption of talks. >> there is, i believe, a strong feeling that the time has come for negotiations to begin. we're getting a lot of encouragement in that regard. >> mitchell says he will be going back to the region in the next few days. and secretary of state hillary clinton is to meet tomorrow with officials from jordan and egypt. if you listen to the israeli and palestinian leadership, the time is right to start talking again. both palestinian president mahmoud abbas and benjamin netanyahu met recently with the egyptian vice president hosni mubarak and both sounded optimistic afterwards. >> i just came from egypt, and i am encouraged by president mubarak for peace talks. i expect and hope to see such a readiness from the palestinian authority. it is time to move the pce process forward. >> we have no objection to negotiations or meetings in principle, and we are not setting any conditions. this issue must be
screening, including full body scning and pat-towns before flyg to the unit states. meanwhile in yemen, veral other untries restrict public access to their embassies today joinin the uted states andbritain. in night's lead focus, we have more on the situati in yem from our gman partner. >> reporter: cement barriers block access to the u.s. embassy which habeen clos indefitely. u.s. natiol security adviser jo brennan said the closure waa response to threats from al qaeda. >> i looked at the intelligence that's available asar as the plans for al qaeda to carry out attacks, possibly against r emssy, psibly against u.s. personnel. cided it was the prudenthing do to shut the embassy but we're working very closely th the yemeni authority to address the reats out this. it just demonstrates thatal qaeda is detmined to carry out these attacks and we're deteined to thwart those attack >> reporter: yem is oneof the orest and most pitically unstle countries in the middle east. in recentyears, ithas become a breeding ound for terroris. s. officials believe they re thinld failed tempt bring down de
dispute this and warn of tooth decay, constipation and worse. the united states ambassador to haiti has taken a personal interest in lessening dependence on the cookies. >> i've actually taken members of congress down to cite soleil and they've seen it, too. >> what do they say when they see people eating rt? >> well, it's worrisome. it's very worrisome and we don't like to see it. >> since the u.n. arrived in haiti in 2006 as peacekeepers, nutrition has improved in pockets, but the dirt cookies are still being eaten. the widespread hunger means hundreds of kids starting another school day in cite soleil as the haitian flag is raised, will be reduced to eating dirt. this, despite international efforts. >> there is hope, by the way. there is hope. because despite the bleak picture, it is doable to lift haiti out of poverty. >> but even the most optimistic observers agree the future is bleak for ese kids without two elements long missing in haiti -- money and a stable government. reporting in cite soleil, haiti, this has been art schmidt for "worldfocus." >>> officials in yemen said today
into the united states from these 1 specific countries concern will improve our security? >> well,hat they're dng essentially is profiling. and profiling is a tric thin if not done correctly. beuse as anyecurity expert will tell you, routine is weakness. once a pontial pertrator ows what you're lookg for, it becomes easier to skirt th system. havingaid th, i think that some form of profilingis denitely a better technique than what we'v had up to this int. at least in e u.s., whi is a philosophy that, ahilosophy at says every passenger from an infant child to an elderly 95-year-old person in a wheelchair to a fully credential crew member is seen as a potential terrorist. >> you're sayingeally that there are someig holes in the system. let's take an exame, for instance. richard reid, the shoe bomber was from england and he would not have been spped underthesens go, would he? >> no. there e what? 200 countes around the rld. what happens if the next attack or attempted attack mes from maysia or canada? but let m say this. what i he comes fm this chrimas day event is that tsa steps backnde-evaluates i
plotting to us weans ofass destruction against th united states. we will talk to the former senior cia officia who wrote it. >>> muslim students in lobbed co under increed scrutiny after the temptedombing of a u.s. ssenger plane on christmas day. >> and what is this? it's stand-up comedy in pakistan. >>> from theifferent perspeives of reporters and analysts from around thelobe, this is "wldfocus." major support has be provided by rosalind p. walter and th peter g. peterson foundation dedicated to promoti fiscal responsibity and addressing keeconomic challenges facing amera's future. and adtional funding is providedy the following supporters -- >>> gd evening. hk to"worldfocus." i'm daljithaliwal in w york. we start tonigh with what remains a key global suet the beginni of the 20. the economy. and in ma countries, a strule to emerge from th crippling ression. today the internation monety fund provided a worldwide snap shot of where tngs stand and where they are headed saying that the recovery is off to stronger sta than ticipated. it raised its growth forecast this year to 4% from just
considerable tension between the united states and israel. still a year later, mitchel said last night there had been movement toward a resumption of lks. >> there i i believe, a strong feeling that the ti has come for negotiations begin. we're getting a lot of encouragement i that regard. >> mitchl says he will be going back tthe region in the next few days. and secretary of stateillary clinton to meet torrow with officials from rdan and egypt. if you listen to the israel and palestinian leadership, the time is rit to start talng again. both palesnian president mahmoud abbas and benjamin netanyahu met rently with the egyptian vice president hosni mubarak and bo sound positive afterwards. >> i just came fr gypt, and am encouraged. i expect and hope to see such a readiness from t palestinian thority. it is ti to move the pea procs forward. >> weave no objeion to negotiions or meetings in inciple, and we are not setting an conditis. this issue must be derstood. however, we have said and we are still saying that once a ttlement activi is halte and th international terms of reference are
tended to reduce risk and speculation. >> what about if forhe united states you think tax an bonuses ll be imposed he? >> unlikely. doesn't seem to be the political will t it. you could arguethat americans are an inspirational society. there'sontent about the size of the bonuses a lot of people look at wall streetnd say, well, i wish i w one them raer than i hate them. >> thank you for joinings. >> a pleasure. >>> we'd also liketo know what you ink of all of this. tonight's question --hould the united states government jn others in imposing big taxes o bankers' bonuses in th country? you n give us your opinion by going to the how-you-see-it section of our website at worldfocus.org >> finally tonight, more hopel note from the partof e world muchetter known for conflict when economic delopment. there isn ambitious $500 million plan to resettle te of thousands of palestinia in wh would be the westans first plannecity. the projectanager still nd approvalrom isrel for accss roads. but theyent ead with the ound breaking earlier this moh anyway. felice freezeman has that story. >> reporter:
of afghastan and of pakistan and to its own job creati ithe united states. >> let'sake a lo at things more broadly. here we are one year into president obama's term. can u tell us a little bit, what's happening in afghanistan litarily? whatis going on on the ground? nothing. >> nothing? we're out to have a huge toop surge therethough. >> i would argue thate are stuck between two extres. for thlast eight years, we were seeing falsely in my view, that we are doing a nation ilding. no one c do nationbuilding. maybe state building i some ways andow we'r saying, i will oy be for so time we were saying there will only be a military optn. prident obama took a lo time. wean defend that, that he took a longtime to review but we cannot define iction. this is the time toupplement that policy. state it to some extent. accept the realities involving the originalpowers, unle we were inlved in original cotries. and i see some hope tt there haveeenany political leaders andilitary leaders going to pakian, hopefly in the air, and others. >> one year in,is ourforeign policy with regard to afghanisn succeedg?
. challees and opportunities for the united states. we're joined here once again by christopher bbatini, senior dictor of policy at the council of theameras, and shannon o'neil, a latin amerin special wist the council for foreign relations. welcome. let's begin with this piece we justaw. it is obvusly about a natural resource, lithium. bolivia come tthe forefront argentinalso. are we loong, and is the world looking at south america, latin americin a new way because of these resoues? >> you know, theorld looked at latin america for resoues for decades. we've seen scially las decade, counies like china, the united stats, of course, other countries arou the world comingo latin america for all sorts of resrces. lithium is a big one but we see soy, iron, ore, copr, a basket for the rest of the world. >> is that a ncern for the united states? if we see jan and especially if we see china coming to sou america, are not ere or where we ould be, perha? >>t is an zero sum game. trade with china as well. we'rnot competing for a lot of these resources. in the end, what the demand, is everything fro
with the united states and it urged the u.s. to request facts and sp using freedom othe internet to make unjustifd accusations against cha. that brings tos tonight's question. did hiary clinton do the right thing by publicly criticizg ina for censoring ggle and other coent on theweb? you can tl us what you think by going to th "how y see it" section of our websit that's atworldfocus.o. >>>nother story bre yeerday is gettingttention today. we're talking about presiden obama's cas for new restrictions on e activities of big banks, incding their abilit to mke risky bets in th financi bharkts federally insured deposits. this is being llowed closely in simir calls. here ishow it was cered last night by jhn sparks of our british partneritn. >> reporter:t came as a shock in the world'sfinancial capitals today. obama want toust up the big u.s. banks. and he won't ta no for an answer >> if these folks want a fight, it is a fight i'm readyo have. >> reporter: iis a dramatic move by the embattled u.s. president, now atteming to me wall street and t banking lobby that presents it. th the assistance of paul om
of these threats against the united states. does afra see itself as potentially a growing threat to the united states? >> clearly, the obama administration put forward that this notion of a global war on  terrorism would be challenged and in rhetoric, the words have gone out of the policies of the administration. but in reality, that framework remains in place. so the is almost still a sense that the priorities for the obama administration are in seeking extremists, seeking those terrorists wherever they may be. and increasingly, in the case of africa, whether it is somalia or sudan or nigeria, there are many countries that are now finding a steady flow of u.s. armaments in those countries, in the so-called pursuit of extremists and terrorists. so i think there is a concern, particularly by civilians, that there is still a militarized hand of the u.s. putting forward in spite of an obama administration. that it is still a militarized approach to countries like somalia that may well need more diplomacy. may well need greater economic development in order for peace to be able to flourish. >> th
than two weeks, the united states has been focused on the terror threat from yemen following the christmas day bombing attempt on a u.s. jetliner. but tonight, the war in afghanistan is back at the center of the news, and the news is not good. six nato troops including three americans were killed today. making it the deadliest day for the expanding international force in two months. a u.s. military spokesman said that the americans died during the patrol in southern afghanistan. as the u.s. troop surge continues in afghanistan, the top american commander says he believes the larger force is turning the tide against the taliban. but afghanistan is also becoming increasingly deadly. today's losses brought to at least ten the number of u.s. troops killed there so far this year. an average of almost one service member each day. for more about the situation in afghanistan, we are joined once again tonight by the noted national security analyst anthony cortesman who is with the center for strategic and international studies. thank you very much for joining us on the program. so tod
what you think about all of this. our question tonight, should the united states be investing more in training intelligence officers and the languages and the culture of the countries where they're posted? you can give us your opinion by going to the "how you see it" page of our website at worldfocus.org. >>> another big story that we have been watching today is the severe weather in europe. a cold wave along with heavy snow shows no sign of letting up. temperatures were as low as minus 4 degrees in part of germany. we're up to eight inches of snow had fallen in some places. temperatures also fell below zero in parts of poland where the military rescued people from a village flooded by an icy swollen river. but at a zoo in western poland, officials say that the animals actually appear to be enjoying this kind of weather and seem to be more lively than in warmer weather. in britain, it is going through its worst cold snap in almost 30 years. heavy snow stranded hundreds of motorists and shut down schools and airports. more on that tonight with some memorable pictures from daymond gr
at the german fund in the united states. and he joins us on the program. thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. >> so describe the scene when you arrived in berlin, the atmosphere, the people and your reaction to it. >> first of all, we had to get through east germany to hitch hike to west berlin, and there was no sign of any change at these border crossings. but once we got to the wall itself in the middle of the city, people were already up on the top of the structure, and it took all of 20 seconds for me to get up there as well. and i think in that moment, the world view collapsed for me. when i looked down onto the minefields between actually the two walls, because in between there were dogs, there were watch towers, there were minefields, there were automatic weapons and these guards patrolling. we were told don't ever come close to that structure because that's east german territory and they are on order to shoot. now we were sitting there, joyous, jubilant. this wonderful atmosphere, this euphoria, a wonderful moment for everybody and the world collapsing at the same time.
'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. although the united states still has more than 100,000 troops in iraq, britain's involvement ended last year when the country withdrew its forces. but for britain, the emotional cost of the war continues, especially for the families of 179 british troops who were killed in iraq. the families were among those paying close attention today as the former british prime mister, tony blair, mounted a strong defense of every decision he made as he led britain into the war. the setting was britain's most wide-ranging investigation into the conflict. and it brought back all of the issues and justifications of the war, the september 11 attacks, the purported weapons of mass destruction, the brutal leadership of saddam hussein and his use of chemical weapons. in tonight's "lead focus," defending the war in raq. lucy manning of our british partner itn watched as passions ran high both inside and outside the hearing. >> they call him a war criminal. they believe he's the prime minister who took britain into an illegal war. this is not a trial, but the demonstrators w
which has been a big part of the strategy of both the united states and mexico. so this is one place where this last year, we've seen a lot of cooperation and some fruition of that cooperation. >> would you agree? >> entirely. this has been one of those things that builds off the bush administration's policies from a few years earlier. but obama came in setting the right tone, accepting a certain amount of responsibility for weapons, for consumption. really sort of changed the dynamic of this relationship and is now about to be expanded to the caribbean. about to be launched. the caribbean industry will be very similar. and this is, i think, one of the primary points of mutual national interest within the hemispheres. how do you control narcotics trafficking, and right now the primary human rights threat in the region. >> we'll leave it there. thank you both. >> thank you. >>> many experts believe that the american appete for illit drugs is fueling the drug wars in mexico. with that in mind, we would like to know what you think. tonight's question, is the united states doing enough t
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